Hot Tubs & Kids – What Every Parent Should Know

As a parent, ensuring the safety of your child is consistently your foremost concern. If you have a hot tub at home, are visiting a holiday home with one, or are planning to hire one, it’s crucial to take the necessary precautions to ensure children can enjoy the hot tub safely. This comprehensive guide will outline the main points of safety guidance to help you make informed decisions.

Are Hot Tubs Safe for Kids?

Hot tubs can be a source of fun and relaxation for the whole family, but it’s essential to understand the potential risks and take appropriate measures to ensure child safety. While hot tubs can be enjoyed by children with the proper precautions, age-appropriate supervision and temperature control are crucial factors.

The risks associated with hot tubs for children include drowning hazards, overheating and dehydration, exposure to chemicals and disinfectants, and slips, trips, and falls around the hot tub area. By following the guidelines provided by governing bodies like the British and Irish Hot Tub Association (BISHTA) and consulting with medical professionals, these risks can be mitigated, allowing children to enjoy the benefits of hot tub use safely.

Hot Tub Risks for Kids

Hot Tub Risks for Kids

Familiarizing yourself with the potential risks of hot tubs for children is the first step in ensuring their safety. Here are some of the main risks to be aware of:

  1. Drowning Hazards: Children can easily slip or fall into a hot tub, putting them at risk of drowning. It’s essential to supervise children at all times and ensure the hot tub cover is securely closed when not in use.
  2. Overheating and Dehydration: Children’s bodies are less able to regulate temperature compared to adults. Prolonged exposure to hot water can lead to overheating and dehydration, which can be dangerous for children.
  3. Exposure to Chemicals and Disinfectants: Hot tubs require the use of various chemicals to maintain water quality and sanitation. If not handled properly, these chemicals can be harmful if ingested or if they come into contact with a child’s skin or eyes.
  4. Slips, Trips, and Falls: The area around a hot tub can be slippery, and children may be more prone to accidents. It’s important to ensure proper non-slip surfaces and take measures to prevent falls.

By understanding these risks, parents can take the necessary precautions to create a safe environment for their children to enjoy hot tub use.

How Can Kids Safely Use a Hot Tub?

How Can Kids Safely Use a Hot Tub?

With proper precautions, hot tubs can be enjoyed safely by children. Here’s a step-by-step guide for parents to follow:

  1. Consult a Pediatrician: Before allowing your child to use a hot tub, consult with your pediatrician or family doctor. They can provide age-appropriate guidelines and advice based on your child’s specific health and development.
  2. Maintain Constant Adult Supervision: Never leave children unattended near or in a hot tub. Assign an adult to be the designated “water watcher” who can give their full attention to supervising the children in the hot tub.
  3. Keep the Water Temperature Low: Maintain a water temperature between 95°F (35°C) and 100°F (38°C) for children. Consult the BISHTA guidelines for specific recommendations based on age.
  4. Limit Time and Take Regular Breaks: Children should not spend extended periods in the hot tub. Set a timer and limit their time to 15-20 minutes, encouraging regular breaks to prevent overheating and dehydration.
  5. Ensure Proper Water Chemistry and Sanitation: Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for maintaining proper water chemistry and sanitation. Test the water regularly and adjust the levels as needed to keep the water balanced and free from harmful contaminants.
  6. Establish Hot Tub Rules and Boundaries: Set clear rules and boundaries for children using the hot tub, such as no running, jumping, or horseplay. Enforce these rules consistently to ensure a safe environment.
  7. Secure the Hot Tub Cover: When the hot tub is not in use, ensure the cover is securely closed and locked to prevent accidental drownings.

By following these guidelines, parents can create a safe environment for their children to enjoy the benefits of hot tub use while minimizing the associated risks.

Read More: Cloudy Hot Tub Water

Safety Precautions For Children & Babies Using Hot Tubs

Safety Precautions For Children & Babies Using Hot Tubs

Here’s a comprehensive checklist of essential safety measures for parents to follow when allowing children and babies to use hot tubs:

  • Age Restrictions: Children under 5 years old should not use a hot tub.
  • Constant Supervision: Always supervise children under 18 when they are in a hot tub.
  • Temperature Control: Keep the water temperature low for all children under 18, especially younger children. Consult age-appropriate guidelines.
  • Supervision: Never allow children to play or be near the hot tub unsupervised.
  • Drinking the Water: Do not let children drink the hot tub water.
  • Regular Breaks: Ensure children take regular breaks from the hot tub to prevent overheating or dehydration.
  • Secure Covers: Keep all hot tub covers securely closed when not in use to prevent accidental drownings.
  • Chemical Safety: Keep all hot tub chemicals locked away, out of reach of children, and properly labeled.
  • Water Quality: Ensure chemical balance and water sanitation are maintained and tested regularly.
  • Manufacturer’s Guidance: Follow the manufacturer’s guidance and safety instructions for your specific hot tub model.

By adhering to these safety precautions, parents can create a safe and enjoyable experience for their children when using hot tubs.

A Word About Hot Tub Hire & Children

A Word About Hot Tub Hire & Children

If you’re considering hiring a hot tub, there are unique considerations and additional precautions to take when it comes to the safety of children. Not all hot tub hire companies prioritize safety or adhere to industry standards, so it’s crucial to vet the company thoroughly.

Here’s a checklist of questions parents should ask and factors to consider when hiring a hot tub:

  • Proper Training and Certification: Choose a company that can prove they are trained in Water Hygiene at the very least, and ideally hold certifications from governing bodies like BISHTA.
  • Insurance and Liability: Ensure the company is fully insured, with a comprehensive policy that includes public liability coverage.
  • Online Presence and Reviews: Research the company’s online presence, looking for plenty of real customer reviews and easily identifiable channels in case anything goes wrong.
  • Detailed Contracts and Safety Documentation: Ensure the company provides a detailed customer contract, disclaimers, and risk assessments related to hot tub hire.
  • Cleaning, Testing, and Maintenance Procedures: Inquire about the company’s procedures for cleaning, testing. And maintaining the hot tubs, filters, and equipment, including microbiological and legionella testing.
  • Electrical and Water Handling Practices: On set-up, ensure the company has established a safe working environment regarding electrical elements (e.g., cables, plugs, and outdoor-rated equipment) and water hygiene (e.g., clean appearance, water testing, chemical supply, and instructions).
  • Hazard Awareness: Verify that the company is aware of and warns you about the risks associated with hot tubs, including suitability for children under 5, pregnant women, and individuals with specific health conditions.

By asking the right questions and thoroughly vetting the hire company, parents can make an informed decision and ensure that the hired hot tub meets the necessary safety standards for their children.

Bring Your Family Together with a Hot Tub from Cal Spas

Bring Your Family Together with a Hot Tub from Cal Spas

Cal Spas is a reputable provider of family-friendly hot tubs, designed with safety and enjoyment in mind. With a commitment to customer education and providing resources for safe hot tub usage, Cal Spas is a trusted choice for families with children. Cal Spas’ hot tub models are equipped with various safety features and design elements that cater to families with children, such as:

  • Safety Covers: Secure, lockable covers to prevent accidental drownings.
  • Slip-Resistant Surfaces: Non-slip surfaces around the hot tub area to reduce the risk of falls.
  • Temperature Control: Precise temperature control systems to maintain safe water temperatures for children.
  • Child-Resistant Locks: Locks on the control panels and other components to prevent unauthorized access by children.
  • Educational Resources: Cal Spas provides comprehensive safety guidelines, manuals, and instructional materials to help families use their hot tubs safely.

By choosing a Cal Spas hot tub, parents can enjoy peace of mind knowing their children’s safety is a top priority.

Excitement for the Whole Family

Excitement for the Whole Family

With the right precautions and guidance, hot tubs can be a source of fun, relaxation, and quality time for families. By prioritizing safety, following industry guidelines, and consulting with medical professionals when necessary. Parents can create a safe and enjoyable environment for their children to experience the benefits of hot tub use.

Remember, safety should always be the top priority when introducing children to hot tubs. By staying vigilant, establishing clear rules, and following best practices, families can embrace the joy and excitement that hot tubs can bring to their family gatherings while ensuring the well-being of their children.


Is it Safe for Babies to be in Hot Tubs?

This inquiry is quite expansive. Typically, children aged 5 and above can safely enjoy hot tubs, provided they are not left unattended. It is essential to take into account all the aforementioned considerations. 

Are hot tubs safe for everyone?

Hot tubs are generally safe when used properly but some groups like young children, pregnant women, and those with medical conditions need to take extra precautions.

Is 10 years old for a hot tub?

The average lifespan of a hot tub is 10-15 years when properly maintained.


With the right knowledge and precautions, hot tubs can be a wonderful way to bring families together. By following industry guidelines, consulting medical professionals, and prioritizing safety at every step. Parents can create a safe and enjoyable environment for their children to experience the benefits of hot tub use. 

Remember to establish clear rules, maintain constant supervision. And adhere to best practices for water temperature, chemical balance, and maintaining secure covers. With vigilance and care, families can embrace the joy and excitement that hot tubs can bring, making lasting memories and quality time together.

So take the necessary steps to ensure child safety, and enjoy the bonding and rejuvenation that comes with family hot tub time. With proper preparation and care, hot tubs can be a source of fun, relaxation, and togetherness for the whole family to cherish.

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